Fluid Moralities and Navigating Crisis: An explication of Fullerian Natural Law

The school of thought that presumes an intimate relationship between Morality and Law is regarded as Naturalists with Lon Fuller as one of their key proponents. However, the position of the sovereign-state in Fuller’s conception of the law is undermined, and the severe Covid-19 Pandemic measures taken by different sovereigns have only established the ascendency of the state further. In this article, I try to engage with Fuller’s concept of the law through the lens of emergencies such as the pandemic and 9/11 and also analyse the concept of fluid moralities with respect to how states understand morals at the international and national level.

LL.B. pass Judge: a black robe and not a cassock!

“May it please Your Lordships, the counsel wants to humbly submit that you are wearing a black robe and not a cassock…” a law student candidly urged the bench in a moot court concerning the doctrine of Essential Religious Practice (“ERP Test”) as the moot point. This article takes us to the long unconcluded debate regarding the role of the Judiciary in adjudicating religious issues to satisfy the ERP test manufactured allegedly in the exercise of judicial overreach.


In this article, the author has addressed a constitutional question that has been recently framed in the case of Kaushal Kishor v. State of U.P. The question is related to the interplay of Article 19(1)(a) and Article 21 of the Indian Constitution. The author has analysed the related jurisprudence and has given his viewpoint regarding the framed issue.

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