Battling historical injustice: A case of evolving forest rights movements and forestry laws in India

This article tries to locate the ideas of ‘historical injustice’ in the case of forestry laws in India, from colonial times to post-colonial times. It also highlights the idea of social movements, which often result in transformative pieces of legislation; in the context of forest rights, the Forest Rights Act is a direct result of a nationwide social movement but the resistance movements themselves are constantly evolving. It is, therefore, interesting to note the evolving history of resistance movements in the context of forest rights which finally culminated into the Forest Rights Act.

The Myth of the ‘Myth of Autonomy’: How are Sports and Politics Intertwined?

Even though sports has not been given its true place in international diplomacy, the increasing intermingling of sports and nations’ relations forces one to see how it impacts our socio-economic scenarios. Racism has been a tale as old as time and yet stubborn till date; there have been multiple instances where athletes of colour have used sports to champion their rights. How did they do so and why did they choose to: two questions that this article aims to dissect.

Sports and IR: Qatar’s MESSIah

This article looks at how the signing of Lionel Messi to the French football club, Paris St-Germain is more than merely fulfilling the club’s dream of winning the UEFA Champions League. For the club owners, the Qatari Sports Investment, a subsidiary of the Qatar government, Messi symbolizes the expansion of Qatar’s aims of national strategic development and grand geopolitical ambitions.

Language, Education, and the Scheduled Tribes

The Indian education system tries to cater to a large pool of aspirants both in general and higher education. The system has created provisions which can benefit those who were historically oppressed with quality education. Providing education in one’s respective mother tongue is a provision included in the constitution; however, even today, teaching at different levels is done through one of the languages in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution. This puts the Scheduled Tribe population in a vulnerable position, restricting them from the benefits of education.

The Fall of Multilateralism: End or Evolution?

Over the past few years, the future and sustainability of multilateral organizations has often been questioned. The failure of their endeavours, lack of good faith, bureaucracy and non-transparency — all form reasons adding to the brewing dissatisfaction amongst nations. The straw that broke the camel’s back was Covid-19 which pushed nations into an individualistic shell. However, is it really the end of multilateralism? Or is a refurbished version of it waiting for us?

HOW BIOPIRACY LAW (OR THE LACK OF IT) IS AFFECTING THE MARINE BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IN THE HIGH SEAS

The concept of Biopiracy imperils the predicament of the communities who are the legitimate holders of the resources. The principal issue in such matters is that the benefit sharing is almost always either a hollow promise or not observed at all. Marine genetic resources are at all times being scouted for by the researchers from all over the world. Keeping this in mind the international community has put various laws in place to prevent the menace of Biopiracy. In this article, I will closely examine the interplay between the Convention on Biodiversity (Nagoya Protocol), TRIPS, Universal Convention on the Law of Sea (UNCLOS) concerning Marine Genetic Resources, with focus on the high seas. This aims to critically study the legal conflicts in the present law and proposes to offer a possible short-term solution within the present framework of the law. In the course of the study, I have also attempted to peruse the draft high seas treaty under negotiation at the United Nations and offer a conclusion of curbing hopes that tend to soar a little too high.

HOW ARE EVICTIONS FRAMED THROUGH LEGAL SYSTEMS IN URBAN INDIA? A CASE STUDY OF NEW DELHI

Evictions of varying degree and kind continue to progress at low-income settlements such as JJ (Jugi Jhopris) clusters which have been considered illegal, informal, unplanned and illegitimate by various master plans & municipal laws which implies that they possess no legal claim to tenure. What is alarming is the fact that these contemporary evictions have happened in democratic times through democratic processes. Each of these cases have one thing in common: Public Interest Litigation (PIL). The basic housing claims of the Bastis residents have been wiped out by the courts, who saw them as a burden to the planned city’s structure. These evictions remind us that balance is critical and through these reflections I hope this will encourage us to think more deeply about the necessity for fresh & innovative approaches and claims under the changing governmental landscape. We need to plan a “pro poor city”. We have to work with the city the way our city is, not the way we wish it was. The courts need to broaden their social understanding, realising that the workers who have built the city have a right to the city and that this right has to be protected and strengthened.

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